Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences CAAS (China)
Lijuan Qiu, Zangyan Zhang
The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) was established in 1957, representing China’s most important national agricultural research organization, directly affiliated to the Ministry of Agriculture. CAAS has a strategic task of serving nation-wide agricultural and rural development and empowering farmers with science and technology. CAAS has about 10,000 staff members and 38 research institutes located across 17 different provinces, national municipalities and the autonomous regions. CAAS is a key open window representing China’s agricultural science and technology for international collaboration. In the last two decades, CAAS has conducted a nation-wide survey and collection of crop germlasm biodiversity, leading to some 350,000 accessions of more than 160 crops and their wild relatives, covering 30 families, 174 genus and more than 600 species or subspecies. In terms of preservation, a long-term national germplasm bank is established in Beijing with a storage capacity of 400,000 accessions. There are also 25 field nurseries for tuber and perennial crops in various CAAS institutes. Research programs are carried out e.g. on cryopreservation, ultra-drying preservation, and theory and techniques for ex situ conservation. CAAS carries out evaluation and screening of agronomy traits, quality, stress tolerance and disease resistance, as well as genotyping and database of major commercial varieties of wheat, rice, corn, soybean and cotton.
Role and tasks in the project
In cooperation with IBCAS, CAAS will contribute to WP 2 in identifying issues of importance to China. In WP 3, it will also actively participate in the Chinese Regional Workshops and the International Meetings, as well as contribute to the formulation of recommendations and strategies. Using its contacts to the Chinese scientific network, CAAS will stimulate other Chinese experts to take advantage of the exchange platform, established by the Diverseeds project.